Understanding the Gradual Change in Deducting Consumption Tax

Understanding the nuances of Japan’s Qualified Invoice System (QIS) is critical, particularly regarding the consumption tax deduction. Recent changes in the QIS affect how businesses can deduct consumption tax from qualified invoices. This article explores the gradual change and its implications for businesses under the QIS.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice. Please consult the National Tax Agency of Japan or a tax professional for detailed guidance.

Qualified Invoices and Deduction Eligibility

The QIS considers only ‘qualified’ invoices eligible for consumption tax deduction. It’s important to note that invoices from non-taxable entities do not qualify for these deductions. The phased deduction changes apply exclusively to qualified invoices.

The Gradual Deduction Scheme

  • From 1st October 2023 to 30th September 2026: The deductible amount for consumption tax on qualified invoices will be reduced to 80%.
  • From 1st October 2026 to 30th September 2029: This deductible amount will be further reduced to 50%.
  • After 30th September 2029: The deduction rate is no longer available.

Implications for Businesses

Businesses operating under the QIS need to be acutely aware of these changes. It’s essential to ensure that the invoices you rely on for tax deductions comply with the criteria for being ‘qualified’. Our previous article, “Do I Need a Qualified Invoice Number?”, can help determine if your business falls under the QIS.

Adapting to the Change

Adaptation involves meticulous review and management of invoices. Accurate classification and understanding of which invoices are eligible for deduction under these new rules is vital for tax planning and financial management.


The introduction of a phased deduction scheme in Japan’s Qualified Invoice System represents a significant shift. Understanding these changes is crucial for businesses to manage their financial and tax responsibilities effectively.

Further Resources For detailed information on Japan’s consumption tax laws and these changes, visit the National Tax Agency of Japan.